The ‘professional MBTI assessment’ is bullshit
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator has been criticized for being unreliable and not accepted by modern science and psychology. As a huge MBTI fan, the typology has benefitted me a lot. So whenever I read an article that’s ranting about ‘how incorrect the MBTI test is’, I would naturally disagree with it. The MBTI type descriptions are often very accurate (provided that you’ve typed yourself correctly) and a lot of the included career suggestions, relationship advice, personal growth info, or even success stories from famous people turn out to be quite helpful and inspiring. Many big companies in the US are using the MBTI instrument to aid their team-building and recruitment. There certainly is at least ‘something’ correct about MBTI. However, the MBTI was originally created with the goal in mind of making it practical, duplicatable, and most importantly: profitable. An official MBTI test can be as expensive as $200, and to become a certified practitioner the prices shoot up above thousands of dollars. This means anyone can profit from this ‘franchise’ by just spending a few thousand bucks to attend a quick training to become an official MBTI practitioner and start charging people to purchase an ‘official MBTI test’. Even though the test is flawed and makes you get different test results every time you retake it.
“I paid for an official MBTI test to get my result, so it must be correct.”
I have experienced that many people stick with their MBTI test result (because they paid for it so it must be correct), then go on online communities with zero knowledge about MBTI or cognitive functions. The number of mistyped people from places like Facebook groups is surprisingly high. Especially types such as INFP and INFJ, or INTP and INTJ – where the definition of J and P is being misunderstood.
The common misconception of J and P:
J does not mean you're a Judger (or Judging-dominant). Instead, it means that you're a Judger from the surface. Your most dominant Judging function is Extraverted. P does not mean you're a Perceiver (or Perceiving-dominant). Instead, it means that you're a Perceiver from the surface. Your most dominant Perceiving function is Extraverted.
Even though an INFJ is more organized on the surface, they are more busy with Perceiving their internal world using Introverted Intuition. So in reality, they aren’t as organized as you would think.
Even though an INFP is more laid-back on the surface, they are more busy with Judging their internal world using Introverted Feeling. So in reality, they aren’t as laid-back as you would think.
Another example is when you’re struggling between for example INFJ and INTJ, whereas Jung’s theory about cognitive function states, that function-pairs always have to be polar opposites from each other – meaning you are both a Feeler and a Thinker at the same time since you always have a Feeling function and always have a Thinking function. Even though one is less consciously accessible than the other.
The common misconception of F and T:
F does not mean you're not a Thinker. Instead, it means that your Feeling function is more conscious than your Thinking function. T does not mean you're not a Feeler. Instead, it means that your Thinking function is more conscious than your Feeling function.
An ENTP would excel better in getting along with others than an ENFP, because they use Extraverted Feeling; which is the ability to cooperate and blend into the values and traditions from other people to get along with them.
There is no such thing as Feeler or Thinker.
It’s all about the cognitive functions
Cognitive functions are the fundamentals of how our brain works every day. When you perceive and judge you are using your cognitive functions. To get your four cognitive functions (Feeling, Thinking, Sensing, and Intuition), pick either the Extraverted (Objective) or the Introverted (Subjective) variant of that function. If you can’t decide immediately and are in doubt; take your time to reflect. You can only have one of the two variants, and the exact opposing function as a paired function. Paired function are exact opposites of each other.
If you have strong Te, that means you have Fi but weaker. Sometimes it’s hard to recognize that you have Fi because the weaker the function, the less conscious you are of that function.
1. The emotional judging-functions
Pick one: ?Fe or ❤️Fi
Hard to pick? Pick your rational judging-function first. If you have strong ⚡Te, you have ❤️Fi but weaker. If you have ⚙️Ti, you have ?Fe but weaker.
?Fe (Extraverted Feeling)
Paired judging-function: ⚙️Ti (Introverted Thinking)
Objective Feeling – Seeks outer-harmony.
The desire to connect with (or disconnect from) others. Accurate about feelings, values, people, and situations rather than precise.
➕ Possible strengths: Polite, cooperative, considerate, emphatic, harmonic. Aware of emotions and values of those around them. Great at adapting to group values and getting along with others. Puts the world before their own ego. ➖ Possible weaknesses: Affected by the values and feelings of those around them. Often sacrifice own needs for others, while expecting reciprocation. May appear transparent and not having their own opinions and values. May be too obsessed with social norms.
Quotes from famous Fe-dominant people:
Ariana Grande (ESFJ): “One of the most terrible feelings in the world is knowing that someone else doesn’t like you. Especially when you don’t know what you’ve done to deserve it.”
Martin Luther King Jr. (ENFJ): “Life’s most persistent and urgent question is: what are you doing for others?”
❤Fi (Introverted Feeling)
Paired judging-function: ⚡Te (Extraverted Thinking)
Subjective Feeling – Seeks inner-harmony.
Internally judges whether the perceived information is valuable, wanted or worth believing in. Precise about feelings, values, people, and situations rather than accurate.
➕ Possible strengths: Original, sincere, idealistic, artistic, self-expressive. Aware of emotions and values of their own. Deeply connected with people they care about. Able to set personal goals without influence from others. ➖ Possible weaknesses: Very sensitive. Undervalue logical data. Can be very impulsive. May find it hard to find the exact words to express themselves. May hide their feelings because they feel misunderstood.
Quotes from famous Fi-dominant people:
Wolfgang Mozart (ISFP): “I pay no attention whatever to anybody’s praise or blame. I simply follow my own feelings.”
Bob Marley (INFP): “The truth is, everyone is going to hurt you. You just got to find the ones worth suffering for.”
2. The rational judging-functions
Pick one: ⚡Te or ⚙️Ti
Hard to pick? Pick your emotional judging-function first. If you have strong ?Fe, you have ⚙️Ti but weaker. If you have ❤️Fi, you have ⚡Te but weaker.
⚡Te (Extraverted Thinking)
Paired judging-function: ❤️Fi (Introverted Feeling)
Objective Thinking – Seeks effectiveness.
Distinguishing what is necessary to accomplish objectives. Accurate about thoughts, facts, logic, and problems rather than precise.
➕ Possible strengths: Gets things done, planners, organizers, decisive. Natural leaders. Able to understand other’s logic easily. Good at monitoring people and things to work effectively an productively. Great communicators, giving reasonable explanations, decisions, and conclusions. ➖ Possible weaknesses: Insensitive to other people's feelings. Tendency to think they are always right. Tendency to be controling. May come across as arrogant or aggressive.
Quotes from famous Te-dominant people:
Kevin O’Leary (ESTJ): “I’m not a tough guy. I’m just delivering the truth and only the truth and if you can’t deal with it, too bad.”
Gordon Ramsay (ENTJ): “I don’t like looking back. I’m always constantly looking forward. I’m not the one to sort of sit and cry over spilt milk. I’m too busy looking for the next cow.”
⚙️Ti (Introverted Thinking)
Paired judging-function: ?Fe (Extraverted Feeling)
Subjective Thinking – Seeks efficiency.
Internal reasoning process tha notices logical inconsistencies between frameworks and statements. Precise about thoughts, facts, logic, and problems rather than accurate.
➕ Possible strengths: Analytical, inventive, logical. Uses exact words to express ideas. Likes to take things apart to figure out how they work. Able to prioritize according to own's logic. Great at solving problems and refining ideas. ➖ Possible weaknesses: Only want to know why things work the way they do instead of getting it done. May find it hard to find the exact words to explain their thoughts. May hide their thoughts because they feel misunderstood. Expects cooperation from others.
Quotes from famous Ti-dominant people:
Steve Jobs (ISTP): “Sometimes when you innovate, you make mistakes. It is best to admit them quickly, and get on with improving your other innovations.”
Albert Einstein (INTP): “The important thing is not to stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing.”
3. The physical perceiving-functions
Pick one: ⛺Se or ?Si
Hard to pick? Pick your abstract perceiving-function first. If you have strong ?Ne, you have ?Si but weaker. If you have ?Ni, you have ⛺Se but weaker.
⛺Se (Extraverted Sensing)
Paired perceiving-function: ?Ni (Introverted Intuition)
Objective Sensing – Seeks new physical experience.
Awareness of what is in the physical world in rich detail. Accurate about what we see, hear, smell, and touch rather than precise.
➕ Possible strengths: Hands-on, practical, adventurous, spontaneous, confident. Likes to test their 'limits'. Enjoys the thrill of action in the present moment. Great performers, presentors and improvisors. Great at crafts and manipulation of tools. ➖ Possible weaknesses: Tendency to act recklessly. May not think about consequences. May undervalue abstract theory. Can be obsessed with the present.
Quotes from famous Se-dominant people:
Richard Branson (ESFP): “You don’t learn to walk by following rules. You learn by doing, and by falling over.”
Donald Trump (ESTP): “I try to learn from the past, but I plan for the future by focusing exclusively on the present. That’s were the fun is.”
?Si (Introverted Sensing)
Paired perceiving-function: ?Ne (Extraverted Intuition)
Subjective Sensing – Seeks certainty and consistency.
Storing data and information, then contrasting and comparing the current situation with similar experiences from the past. Precise about what we see, hear, smell, and touch rather than accurate.
➕ Possible strengths: Responsible, reliable, realistic, consistent, traditional. Notices differences between the current situation and experiences from the past. Great eye for factual details. Has a clear picture of goals and objectives. ➖ Possible weaknesses: Can be too attached to rules, tradition, and social status. Too much focus on details can lead to not grasping the bigger picture. Can be obsessed with the past and does not like change. Prone to materialism.
Quotes from famous Si-dominant people:
Mother Teresa (ISFJ): “Be faithful in small things because it is in them that your strength lies.”
Jeff Bezos (ISTJ): “A company shouldn’t get addicted to being shiny, because shiny doesn’t last.”
4. The abstract perceiving-functions
Pick one: ?Ne or ?Ni
Hard to pick? Pick your abstract perceiving-function first. If you have strong ⛺Se, you have ?Ni but weaker. If you have ?Si, you have ?Ne but weaker.
?Ne (Extraverted intuition)
Paired perceiving-function: ?Si (Introverted Sensing)
Objective Intuition – Seeks to learn new ideas and concepts.
Seeing things ‘as if’, with a wide variety of possible representations of reality. Accurate about ideas, connections, patterns, and intuition rather than precise.
➕ Possible strengths: Creative, curious, imaginative, cross-contextual thinkers. Recognizes and interprets possibilities in one idea (what could be?). Able to interpret what a situation or a person's behavior really means. Great brainstormers. ➖ Possible weaknesses: Can get distracted easily. Impractical. Lack of consistency. Can be obsessed with exploring new ideas without following them through. May change from topic to topic too fast during conversations.
Quotes from famous Ne-dominant people:
Walt Disney (ENFP): “When you’re curious, you find lots of interesting things to do.”
Leonardo da Vinci (ENTP): “Learning never exhausts the mind.”
?Ni (Introverted Intuition)
Paired perceiving-function: ⛺Se (Extraverted Sensing)
Subjective Intuition – Seeks to understand connections and patterns.
Envisioning complex concepts or systems of thinking to understand universal things in order to predict future outcomes. Precise about ideas, connections, patterns, and intuition rather than accurate.
➕ Possible strengths: Insightful, intuitive, strategic, visionaries. Gets a 'feel' for situations. Recognizes symbolic action to lay out how the future 'will be'. Great long-term planners. ➖ Possible weaknesses: Too high standards. Slow in making decisions. Overly perfectionistic. May hide their insights because they feel misunderstood. Can be obsessed with the future while neglecting the present.
Quotes from famous Ni-dominant people:
Carl Gustav Jung (INFJ): “As a child I felt myself to be alone, and I am still, because I know things and must hint at things which others apparently know nothing of, and for the most part do not want to know.”
Elon Musk (INTJ): “It is important to view knowledge as sort of a semantic tree — make sure you understand the fundamental principles, i.e. the trunk and big branches, before you get into the leaves/details or there is nothing for them to hang on to.”
Last but not least…
You will have to figure out whether you are a judging-dominant or a perceiving-dominant to know your dominant and auxiliary cognitive function.
?Fe, ❤️Fi, ⚡Te, ⚙️Ti
Process, then observe. Creates a judgment then perceives whether they are right or not. Serious most of the time. Strong opinions about right and wrong; things are either good or bad. Prefers structure over comfort.
Huge preference for either Feeling or Thinking,
Moderate preference for Sensing or Intuition.
1. Dominant function: Judging (Feeling or Thinking) 2. Secondary function: Perceiving (Sensing or Intuition) 3. Tertiary function: Perceiving (Sensing or Intuition) 4. Inferior function: Judging (Feeling or Thinking) 1 & 4 is a judging function pair 2 & 3 is a perceiving function pair
INTP is a judging-dominant type: [⚙️Ti-?Ne-?Si-?Fe]
- ⚙️Ti (Judging)
- ?Ne (Perceiving)
- ?Si (Perceiving)
- ?Fe (Judging)
Objective ‘Feelers’ – “The Peacemakers”
[?Fe-?Si-?Ne-⚙️Ti] ESFJ Personality – “The Ambassador”
[?Fe-?Ni-⛺Se-⚙️Ti] ENFJ Personality – “The Spokesperson”
Subjective ‘Feelers’ – “The Idealists”
[❤️Fi-⛺Se-?Ni-⚡Te] ISFP Personality – “The Artist”
[❤️Fi-?Ne-?Si-⚡Te] INFP Personality – “The Individual”
Objective ‘Thinkers’ – “The Leaders”
[⚡Te-?Si-?Ne-❤️Fi] ESTJ Personality – “The Boss”
[⚡Te-?Ni-⛺Se-❤️Fi] ENTJ Personality – “The Commander”
Subjective ‘Thinkers’ – “The Analysts”
[⚙️Ti-⛺Se-?Ni-?Fe] ISTP Personality – “The Technician”
[⚙️Ti-?Ne-?Si-?Fe] INTP Personality – “The Theoretician”
⛺Se, ?Si, ?Ne, ?Ni
Observe, then process. Creates a perception then judges whether they are right or not. Laid-back most of the time. Open opinions about right and wrong; things have different shades of grey instead of black and white. Prefers comfort over structure.
Huge preference for either Sensing or Intuition,
Moderate preference for Feeling or Thinking.
1. Dominant function: Perceiving (Sensing or Intuition) 2. Secondary function: Judging (Feeling or Thinking) 3. Tertiary function: Judging (Feeling or Thinking) 4. Inferior function: Perceiving (Sensing or Intuition) 1 & 4 is a perceiving function pair 2 & 3 is a judging function pair
INTJ is a perceiving-dominant type: [?Ni-⚡Te-❤️Fi-⛺Se]
- ?Ni (Perceiving)
- ⚡Te (Judging)
- ❤️Fi (Judging)
- ⛺Se (Perceiving)
Objective ‘Sensors’ – “The Adventurers”
[⛺Se-❤️Fi-⚡Te-?Ni] ESFP Personality – “The Showman”
[⛺Se-⚙️Ti-?Fe-?Ni] ESTP Personality – “The Hustler”
Subjective ‘Sensors’ – “The Guardians”
[?Si-?Fe-⚙️Ti-?Ne] ISFJ Personality – “The Provider”
[?Si-⚡Te-❤️Fi-?Ne] ISTJ Personality – “The Tactician”
Objective ‘Intuitives’ – “The Advocates”
[?Ne-❤️Fi-⚡Te-?Si] ENFP Personality – “The Protagonist”
[?Ne-⚙️Ti-?Fe-?Si] ENTP Personality – “The Devil’s Advocate”
Subjective ‘Intuitives’ – “The Mystics”
[?Ni-?Fe-⚙️Ti-⛺Se] INFJ Personality – “The Guru”
[?Ni-⚡Te-❤️Fi-⛺Se] INTJ Personality – “The Strategist”
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Learn more about Jung’s 8 cognitive functions
“Personality Type – An owner’s manual” by Lenore Thomson
For Jung, knowing your type was essential to understanding yourself: a way to measure your personal growth and change. But his ideas have been applied widely in the areas of career and marital counseling, so type has come to seem predictive: a great way to determine your job skills and social abilities.
Share your result!
Finally figured out your true MBTI type after all the confusion and doubt? Let me know by commenting below!